- Placing infants to sleep in a supine (on their back) position for every sleep until the child reaches one year of age.
- Side sleeping is not advised and is not safe.
- A firm, flat, noninclined sleep surface is recommended to reduce the risk for suffocation or wedging/entrapment.
- Breastfeeding is associated with a reduced risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and is recommended, unless contraindicated or the parent is unable to do so.
- Infants should sleep in the parents’ room, but on a separate surface designed for infants, ideally for at least six months.
- Soft objects such as pillows, comforters, and loose bedding should be kept away from the infant’s sleep area.
- A pacifier should be offered at nap time and bed time to reduce the risk for SIDS.
- Smoke and nicotine exposure and alcohol, marijuana, opioids, and illicit drug use should be avoided during pregnancy and after birth.
Last modified: July 6, 2022